Some people will try to mix the rules of the various covenants.
We are going to see that the New Covenant which we will call Christianity supersedes all other laws and covenants.
Yet people will try to draw justification for a practice by appealing to an old covenant that has been removed.
They will always appeal to the Old Covenant to justify mechanical instruments of music in worship to God.
God spoke through the Fathers and the prophets (which included Moses), but now speaks through His Son (Hebrews 1:1-2).
The New Covenant Was Promised
Jeremiah 31:31-34 "Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah -- not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, says the LORD. But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, 'Know the LORD,' for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the LORD. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more."
New Testament Writers Confirmed What Was Promised.
Hebrews 8:6-7 But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, inasmuch as He is also Mediator of a better covenant, which was established on better promises. For if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second.
Hebrews 8:13 “In that He says, ‘A new covenant,’ He has made the first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away”
Hebrews 10:9 Then He said, "Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God." He takes away the first that He may establish the second.”
Colossians 2:14 Having wiped out the handwriting of requirements that was against us, which was contrary to us. And He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.”
The death of Jesus and the establishment of His church brought in the New Covenant.
Ephesians 2:13-16 But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. Christ Our Peace For He Himself is our peace, who has made both one, and has broken down the middle wall of separation, having abolished in His flesh the enmity, that is, the law of commandments contained in ordinances, so as to create in Himself one new man from the two, thus making peace, and that He might reconcile them both to God in one body through the cross, thereby putting to death the enmity.
Hebrews 7:18-19 For on the one hand there is an annulling of the former commandment
because of its weakness and unprofitableness, for the law made nothing perfect;
on the other hand, there is the bringing in of a better hope, through which
we draw near to God.
Romans 7:4 Therefore, my brethren, you also have become dead to the law through the body of Christ, that you may be married to another -- to Him who was raised from the dead, that we should bear fruit to God.
Matthew 17:5 - While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!“
Remember that on the mount that Moses (representing the law), and Elijah (representing the prophets) were there, and God specified that they were now to hear Jesus and follow His instructions
The New Covenant
GOD MADE THE OLD COVENANT WITH ISRAEL (JEWS), AND GOD AND CHRIST MADE THE NEW COVENANT FOR BELIEVERS OF ALL NATIONS. (Titus 2:11—the grace of God hath appeared to all men).
THE OLD COVENANT WAS GIVEN THROUGH MOSES, AND THE NEW COVENANT CAME BY CHRIST.
THE OLD COVENANT WAS FAULTY, BUT THE NEW COVENANT WAS ESTABLISHED UPON BETTER PROMISES.
THE OLD COVENANT HAS BEEN BLOTTED OUT, NAILED TO THE CROSS. THE NEW COVENANT IS STILL IN FORCE AND AVAILABLE TO ALL THE NATIONS.
The New Covenant
THE OLD COVENANT SEVERS FROM CHRIST. GOD NOW SPEAKS TO US THROUGH CHRIST’S COVENANT.
Galatians 5:4 You have become estranged from Christ, you who attempt to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace.
John 1:17 For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.
The New Covenant
THE OLD COVENANT WAS WRITTEN ON STONES. THE NEW COVENANT IS WRITTEN ON THE HEART.
2 Corinthians 3:7 If the ministry of death, written and engraved on stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of the glory of his countenance, which glory was passing away.
2 Corinthians 3:3 You are an epistle of Christ, ministered by us, written not with ink but by the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of flesh, that is, of the heart.
Hebrews 8:10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the LORD: I will put My laws in their mind and write them on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.
The New Covenant
THE OLD COVENANT WAS ONLY A SHADOW OF THINGS TO COME. THE NEW COVENANT IS GOD’S COMPLETED COVENANT WITH MAN.
Hebrews 10:1 For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with these same sacrifices, which they offer continually year by year, make those who approach perfect.
The New Covenant
THE OLD COVENANT DID NOT HAVE A PERFECT PRIESTHOOD. THE NEW COVENANT HAS A PERFECT UNCHANGEABLE PRIESTHOOD.
Hebrews 7:11-12 Therefore, if perfection were through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law), what further need was there that another priest should rise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be called according to the order of Aaron? For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there is also a change of the law.
The New Covenant
UNDER THE OLD COVENANT THERE WAS A CONTINUAL OFFERING OF ANIMAL SACRIFICES. UNDER THE NEW COVENANT THERE WAS ONE SACRIFICE, AND THAT ONCE FOR ALL.
I SPEAK OF THE SACRIFICEOF CHRIST ON THE CROSS.
Hebrews 10:3-4 But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins every year. For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could take away sins.
Hebrews 9:22-28 And according to the law almost all things are purified with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no remission. Therefore it was necessary that the copies of the things in the heavens should be purified with these, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us; not that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood of another -- He then would have had to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now, once at the end of the ages, He has appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself. And as it is appointed for men to die once, but after this the judgment, so Christ was offered once to bear the sins of many. To those who eagerly wait for Him He will appear a second time, apart from sin, for salvation.
One Eternal Covenant
In recent years, a new false doctrine has been introduced by a number of false teachers.
They rely upon some vague passages of scripture to suggest that all mankind from Adam to now has been under the same covenant.
The primary reason (and I have yet to find one suggesting this for any other reason) is that the practice of putting away the wife can be justified because of the old covenant law.
Jesus taught during the Sermon On The Mount “But I say unto you”—thus changing the old into the new.
The Old Law . . .the Law of Moses . . . served the purpose for which God intended it.
The New Law . . . the Gospel of Christ . . . is serving the purpose for which God has intended it to serve.
Anyone seeking to be justified by the Old Law will be severed from Christ.
The Old Covenant was for the Jews only.
The New Covenant is for all people . . . for all nations . . . everyone included . . . no one excluded . . . For all who will accept it and render the proper obedience to God through Jews Christ.
By Carey Scott from an outline by Donnie S. Barnes