A Study Of The Word "ABIDE"
As translated from the Hebrew:
7931. shakan, shaw-kan'; a prim. root [appar. akin (by transm.) to H7901 through the idea of lodging; comp. H5531, H7925]; to reside or permanently stay (lit. or fig.):--abide, continue, (cause to, make to) dwell (-er), have habitation, inhabit, lay, place, (cause to) remain, rest, set (up).
3427. yashab, yaw-shab'; a prim. root; prop. to sit down (spec. as judge. in ambush, in quiet); by impl. to dwell, to remain: causat. to settle, to marry:-- (make to) abide (-ing), continue, (cause to, make to) dwell (-ing), ease self, endure, establish, X fail, habitation, haunt, (make to) inhabit (-ant), make to keep [house], lurking, X marry (-ing), (bring again to) place, remain, return, seat, set (-tle), (down-) sit (-down, still, -ting down, -ting [place] -uate), take, tarry.
1481. guwr, goor; a prim. root; prop. to turn aside from the road (for a lodging or any other purpose), i.e. sojourn (as a guest); also to shrink, fear (as in a strange place); also to gather for hostility (as afraid):--abide, assemble, be afraid, dwell, fear, gather (together), inhabitant, remain, sojourn, stand in awe, (be) stranger, X surely.
3885. luwn, loon; or liyn, leen; a prim. root; to stop (usually over night); by impl. to stay permanently; hence (in a bad sense) to be obstinate (espec. in words, to complain):--abide (all night), continue, dwell, endure, grudge, be left, lie all night, (cause to) lodge (all night, in, -ing, this night), (make to) murmur, remain, tarry (all night, that night).
5975. 'amad, aw-mad'; a prim. root; to stand, in various relations (lit. and fig., intrans. and trans.):--abide (behind), appoint, arise, cease, confirm, continue, dwell, be employed, endure, establish, leave, make, ordain, be [over], place, (be) present (self), raise up, remain, repair, + serve, set (forth, over, -tle, up), (make to, make to be at a, with-) stand (by, fast, firm, still, up), (be at a) stay (up), tarry.
Notice in all of these verses how the word is used.
Deuteronomy 12:11 (NKJV) "then there will be the place where the LORD your God chooses to make His name abide. There you shall bring all that I command you: your burnt offerings, your sacrifices, your tithes, the heave offerings of your hand, and all your choice offerings which you vow to the LORD.
Job 24:13 (NKJV) "There are those who rebel against the light; They do not know its ways Nor abide in its paths.
Psalms 15:1 (NKJV) LORD, who may abide in Your tabernacle? Who may dwell in Your holy hill?
Psalms 55:19 (NKJV) God will hear, and afflict them, Even He who abides from of old. Selah Because they do not change, Therefore they do not fear God.
Psalms 61:4 (NKJV) I will abide in Your tabernacle forever; I will trust in the shelter of Your wings. Selah
Psalms 61:7 (NKJV) He shall abide before God forever. Oh, prepare mercy and truth, which may preserve him!
Psalms 91:1 (NKJV) He who dwells in the secret place of the Most High Shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.
Psalms 119:90 (NKJV) Your faithfulness endures to all generations; You established the earth, and it abides.
Psalms 125:1 (NKJV) Those who trust in the LORD Are like Mount Zion, Which cannot be moved, but abides forever.
Proverbs 15:31 (NKJV) The ear that hears the rebukes of life Will abide among the wise.
Proverbs 19:23 (NKJV) The fear of the LORD leads to life, And he who has it will abide in satisfaction; He will not be visited with evil.
Ecclesiastes 1:4 (NKJV) One generation passes away, and another generation comes; But the earth abides forever.
Hosea 3:4 (NKJV) For the children of Israel shall abide many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred pillar, without ephod or teraphim.
Joel 3:20 (NKJV) But Judah shall abide forever, And Jerusalem from generation to generation.
Micah 5:4 (NKJV) And He shall stand and feed His flock In the strength of the LORD, In the majesty of the name of the LORD His God; And they shall abide, For now He shall be great To the ends of the earth;
Now we get to the New Testament. We now use the Greek word:
3306. meno, men'-o; a prim. verb; to stay (in a given place, state, relation or expectancy):--abide, continue, dwell, endure, be present, remain, stand, tarry (for), X thine own. KJV)
[Notice there is only one word translated abide in the Greek. The definition though carries just about every thought has we gave by the Hebrew words. Often, the context determines the meaning of the word.]
Luke 24:29 (NKJV) But they constrained Him, saying, "Abide with us, for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent." And He went in to stay with them.
John 3:36 (NKJV) "He who believes in the Son has everlasting life; and he who does not believe the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him."
John 6:56 (NKJV) "He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood abides in Me, and I in him.
John 8:31 (NKJV) Then Jesus said to those Jews who believed Him, "If you abide in My word, you are My disciples indeed.
John 8:35 (NKJV) "And a slave does not abide in the house forever, but a son abides forever.
John 12:46 (NKJV) "I have come as a light into the world, that whoever believes in Me should not abide in darkness.
John 14:16 (NKJV) "And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may abide with you forever;
John 15:4 (NKJV) "Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in Me.
John 15:5 (NKJV) "I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing.
John 15:6 (NKJV) "If anyone does not abide in Me, he is cast out as a branch and is withered; and they gather them and throw them into the fire, and they are burned.
John 15:7 (NKJV) "If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, you will ask what you desire, and it shall be done for you. John
15:9 (NKJV) "As the Father loved Me, I also have loved you; abide in My love. John
15:10 (NKJV) "If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love, just as I have kept My Father's commandments and abide in His love.
1 Corinthians 13:13 (NKJV) And now abide faith, hope, love, these three; but the greatest of these is love.
1 Peter 1:23 (NKJV) having been born again, not of corruptible seed but incorruptible, through the word of God which lives and abides forever,
1 John 2:6 (NKJV) He who says he abides in Him ought himself also to walk just as He walked.
1 John 2:10 (NKJV) He who loves his brother abides in the light, and there is no cause for stumbling in him.
1 John 2:14 (NKJV) I have written to you, fathers, Because you have known Him who is from the beginning. I have written to you, young men, Because you are strong, and the word of God abides in you, And you have overcome the wicked one.
1 John 2:17 (NKJV) And the world is passing away, and the lust of it; but he who does the will of God abides forever.
1 John 2:24 (NKJV) Therefore let that abide in you which you heard from the beginning. If what you heard from the beginning abides in you, you also will abide in the Son and in the Father.
1 John 2:27 (NKJV) But the anointing which you have received from Him abides in you, and you do not need that anyone teach you; but as the same anointing teaches you concerning all things, and is true, and is not a lie, and just as it has taught you, you will abide in Him.
1 John 2:28 (NKJV) And now, little children, abide in Him, that when He appears, we may have confidence and not be ashamed before Him at His coming.
1 John 3:6 (NKJV) Whoever abides in Him does not sin. Whoever sins has neither seen Him nor known Him.
1 John 3:14 (NKJV) We know that we have passed from death to life, because we love the brethren. He who does not love his brother abides in death.
1 John 3:17 (NKJV) But whoever has this world's goods, and sees his brother in need, and shuts up his heart from him, how does the love of God abide in him?
1 John 3:24 (NKJV) Now he who keeps His commandments abides in Him, and He in him. And by this we know that He abides in us, by the Spirit whom He has given us.
1 John 4:12 (NKJV) No one has seen God at any time. If we love one another, God abides in us, and His love has been perfected in us.
1 John 4:13 (NKJV) By this we know that we abide in Him, and He in us, because He has given us of His Spirit.
1 John 4:15 (NKJV) Whoever confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, God abides in him, and he in God.
1 John 4:16 (NKJV) And we have known and believed the love that God has for us. God is love, and he who abides in love abides in God, and God in him.
2 John 1:2 (NKJV) because of the truth which abides in us and will be with us forever:
2 John 1:9 (NKJV) Whoever transgresses and does not abide in the doctrine of Christ does not have God. He who abides in the doctrine of Christ has both the Father and the Son.
Return to the Sermons Page